The Birthday of the United Nations (UN) is always celebrated on 24 October every year.
The United Nations, or the United Nations, is the first international organisation established on October 24, 1945.
One of the goals of its foundation is to promote international cooperation and global peace.
So that you know more about the United Nations, consider the following history of October 24, the Birthday of the United Nations (UN).
History of the birth of the United Nations (UN)
As mentioned above, the United Nations (UN) is celebrated every October 24.
The anniversary was proclaimed in 1947 by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
The purpose of the commemoration is to inform the world community about the goals and achievements of the United Nations.
The background to birth of the United Nations occurred when the League of Nations was deemed to have failed to prevent the outbreak of World War II in 1939-1945.
Finally, in 1945, the United Nations was established to prevent the re-emergence of World War II, which was not desired by all of humanity.
The United Nations is expected to replace the League of Nations, which has failed to maintain world peace and increase cooperation in solving economic, humanitarian and social problems.
Initial plans for establishing this new organisation began in 1939 under the auspices of the United States Department of State.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first person who is believed to have coined the term United Nations or the United Nations as a term to describe the allied countries.
The term was first formalised and used on January 1, 1942, when 26 governments pledged to continue their efforts to sign the Atlantic Charter.
- There are four Atlantic Charter agreements, namely:
No area expansion is allowed
- Every nation has the right to determine its own business
- Every country has the right to participate in world trade
- World peace must be created so every nation can live free from fear and poverty.
As a follow-up to the Atlantic Charter, the United Nations Conference on International Organizations was held on 25 April 1945 in San Francisco.
The conference was attended by 50 state governments and non-governmental organisations.
After a long process, finally, on October 24, 1945, the United Nations was officially established with the ratification of the Charter by the 5 permanent members of the Security Council, namely France, the Soviet Union, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the majority of the other 36 member states.
The first UN General Assembly was held in 1946 at Westminster Central Hall, London, attended by 51 representatives and the Security Council.
Initially, from 1946 to 1952, the PBB was housed in a building belonging to the Sperry Gyroscope Corporation in Lake Success, New York.
Since its founding, there has been much controversy and criticism against the United Nations.
In the United States, for example, the United Nations rival, the John Birch Society, began a campaign in 1959 claiming that the United Nations’ purpose was to establish a “One World Government.”
United Nations Organization
The United Nations has 6 official languages: Arabic, English, Chinese, Russian, Spanish and Russian.
These languages are commonly used in intergovernmental meetings and document creation.
While the Security Council uses two working languages, namely English and French, while the General Assembly uses 3 working languages, namely Spanish, English and French.
The United Nations now consists of 5 significant organisations: the General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Secretariat and the International Court of Justice.
So this is a look at the history of the birth of the United Nations. Indonesia became an official member of the United Nations on 28 September 1950.
However, Indonesia left the organisation on 20 January 1976 to protest against the United Nations for accepting Malaysia as a non-permanent member.
At that time, Indonesia and Malaysia were involved in a confrontation. However, on September 28, 1966, Indonesia again became a member of the United Nations.
The United Nations’ primary purpose is to maintain world peace and security.
In addition, the UN also aims to promote and encourage fraternal relations between nations through respect for human rights, the promotion of cooperation and development in economic, social and environmental fields.
So much information about the History of the United Nations anniversary, which is always celebrated every October 24th.
Hopefully the above information can provide insight and be a reference for all of us. Hopefully helpful, and happy birthday, United Nations (UN)!